Difference between revisions of "Wiki:Microsoft"

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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Microsoft Corporation</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Microsoft_logo_(2012).svg" class="image" title="A square divided into four sub-squares, colored red, green, yellow and blue (clockwise), with the company name appearing to its right."><img alt="A square divided into four sub-squares, colored red, green, yellow and blue (clockwise), with the company name appearing to its right." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/220px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="47" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/330px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/440px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="512" data-file-height="109" /></a><div>Microsoft's current logo since 2012</div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Microsoft building 17 front door.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg/220px-Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="165" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg/330px-Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg/440px-Microsoft_building_17_front_door.jpg 2x" data-file-width="2048" data-file-height="1536" /></a><div>Building 17 on the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Redmond_campus" title="Microsoft Redmond campus">Microsoft Redmond campus</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Redmond,_Washington" title="Redmond, Washington">Redmond, Washington</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Public_company" title="Public company">Public</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">Traded&#160;as</a></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:NASDAQ" title="NASDAQ">NASDAQ</a>:&#160;<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/msft">MSFT</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:NASDAQ-100" title="NASDAQ-100">NASDAQ-100</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average" title="Dow Jones Industrial Average">DJIA</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_100" title="S&amp;P 100">S&amp;P 100</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_500" class="mw-redirect" title="S&amp;P 500">S&amp;P 500</a> component</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:International_Securities_Identification_Number" title="International Securities Identification Number">ISIN</a></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><a class="external text" href="https://tools.wmflabs.org/isin/?language=de&amp;isin=US5949181045">US5949181045</a></span></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consumer_electronics" title="Consumer electronics">Consumer electronics</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Social_networking_service" title="Social networking service">Social networking service</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Video_game_industry" title="Video game industry">Video games</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Corporate_venture_capital" title="Corporate venture capital">Corporate venture capital</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height:1.35em;">April&#160;4, 1975<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;43 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1975-04-04</span>)</span> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Albuquerque,_New_Mexico" title="Albuquerque, New Mexico">Albuquerque</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:New_Mexico" title="New Mexico">New Mexico</a>, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="plainlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Paul_Allen" title="Paul Allen">Paul Allen</a></li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Redmond_campus" title="Microsoft Redmond campus">One Microsoft Way</a>, <div style="display:inline" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Redmond,_Washington" title="Redmond, Washington">Redmond</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Washington_(state)" title="Washington (state)">Washington</a></div>, <div style="display:inline" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="plainlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:John_W._Thompson" title="John W. Thompson">John W. Thompson</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chairman" title="Chairman">chairman</a>)</li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Brad_Smith_(American_lawyer)" title="Brad Smith (American lawyer)">Brad Smith</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:President_(corporate_title)" title="President (corporate title)">president</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_legal_officer" class="mw-redirect" title="Chief legal officer">CLO</a>)</li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Satya_Nadella" title="Satya Nadella">Satya Nadella</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Technical_advisor" title="Technical advisor">technical advisor</a>)</li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="hlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Windows</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Office" title="Microsoft Office">Office</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Servers" title="Microsoft Servers">Servers</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Skype" title="Skype">Skype</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Visual_Studio" title="Microsoft Visual Studio">Visual Studio</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Dynamics" title="Microsoft Dynamics">Dynamics</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox" title="Xbox">Xbox</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Surface" title="Microsoft Surface">Surface</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Mobile" title="Microsoft Mobile">Mobile</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Microsoft_software" title="List of Microsoft software">List of software</a></li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Services</th><td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><div class="hlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Azure" title="Microsoft Azure">Azure</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bing_(search_engine)" title="Bing (search engine)">Bing</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:LinkedIn" title="LinkedIn">LinkedIn</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Developer_Network" title="Microsoft Developer Network">MSDN</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Office_365" title="Office 365">Office 365</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:OneDrive" title="OneDrive">OneDrive</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Outlook.com" title="Outlook.com">Outlook.com</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_TechNet" title="Microsoft TechNet">TechNet</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Wallet" class="mw-redirect" title="Microsoft Wallet">Wallet</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Windows_Store" class="mw-redirect" title="Windows Store">Windows Store</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Windows_Update" title="Windows Update">Windows Update</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox_Live" title="Xbox Live">Xbox Live</a></li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US$</a>110.36&#160;billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ER-FY18-1">&#91;1&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$35.05&#160;billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ER-FY18-1">&#91;1&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$16.57&#160;billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ER-FY18-1">&#91;1&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$258.84&#160;billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ER-FY18-1">&#91;1&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Equity_(finance)" title="Equity (finance)">Total equity</a></span></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$82.71&#160;billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ER-FY18-1">&#91;1&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> 134,944<sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2">&#91;2&#93;</a></sup>&#160;(2018)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Microsoft" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft">List of Microsoft assets</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.microsoft.com/en-us">microsoft.com</a></span></td></tr></table>
 
<p><b>Microsoft Corporation</b> (<b>MS</b>) is an American <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Multinational_corporation" title="Multinational corporation">multinational</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Technology_company" title="Technology company">technology company</a> with headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Redmond,_Washington" title="Redmond, Washington">Redmond, Washington</a>. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">computer software</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consumer_electronics" title="Consumer electronics">consumer electronics</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Personal_computers" class="mw-redirect" title="Personal computers">personal computers</a>, and related services. Its best known software products are the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> line of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Office" title="Microsoft Office">Microsoft Office</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Office_suite" class="mw-redirect" title="Office suite">suite</a>, and the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet_Explorer" title="Internet Explorer">Internet Explorer</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Edge" title="Microsoft Edge">Edge</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Web_browser" title="Web browser">web browsers</a>. Its flagship hardware products are the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox" title="Xbox">Xbox</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Video_game_console" title="Video game console">video game consoles</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Surface" title="Microsoft Surface">Microsoft Surface</a> lineup of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Touchscreen" title="Touchscreen">touchscreen</a> personal computers. As of 2016, it is the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_the_largest_software_companies" title="List of the largest software companies">world's largest software maker</a> by revenue,<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3">&#91;3&#93;</a></sup> and one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_corporations_by_market_capitalization" class="mw-redirect" title="List of corporations by market capitalization">world's most valuable companies</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4">&#91;4&#93;</a></sup> The word "Microsoft" is a <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Portmanteau" title="Portmanteau">portmanteau</a> of "microcomputer" and "software".<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup> Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Fortune_500" title="Fortune 500">Fortune 500</a> rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup>
 
</p><p>Microsoft was founded by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Paul_Allen" title="Paul Allen">Paul Allen</a> on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell <a href="/wiki/Wiki:BASIC" title="BASIC">BASIC</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Interpreter_(computer_software)" class="mw-redirect" title="Interpreter (computer software)">interpreters</a> for the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Altair_8800" title="Altair 8800">Altair 8800</a>. It rose to dominate the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Personal_computer" title="Personal computer">personal computer</a> operating system market with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:MS-DOS" title="MS-DOS">MS-DOS</a> in the mid-1980s, followed by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a>. The company's 1986 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Initial_public_offering" title="Initial public offering">initial public offering</a> (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating system</a> market and has made a number of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Microsoft" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft">corporate acquisitions</a>, their largest being the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:LinkedIn" title="LinkedIn">LinkedIn</a> for $26.2 billion in December 2016,<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup> followed by their acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Skype_Technologies" title="Skype Technologies">Skype Technologies</a> for $8.5 billion in May 2011.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup>
 
</p><p>As of  2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Microsoft&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>, Microsoft is market-dominant in the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_PC-compatible" class="mw-redirect" title="IBM PC-compatible">IBM PC-compatible</a> operating system market and the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Office_software_suite" class="mw-redirect" title="Office software suite">office software suite</a> market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup> The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Web_search_engine" title="Web search engine">Internet search</a> (with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bing_(search_engine)" title="Bing (search engine)">Bing</a>), the digital services market (through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:MSN" title="MSN">MSN</a>), mixed reality (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_HoloLens" title="Microsoft HoloLens">HoloLens</a>), cloud computing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Azure" title="Microsoft Azure">Azure</a>) and software development (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Visual_Studio" title="Microsoft Visual Studio">Visual Studio</a>).
 
</p><p><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Steve_Ballmer" title="Steve Ballmer">Steve Ballmer</a> replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup> This began with the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Danger_Inc." title="Danger Inc.">Danger Inc.</a> in 2008,<sup id="cite_ref-InformationWeek_Kin_11-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-InformationWeek_Kin-11">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup> entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Surface" title="Microsoft Surface">Microsoft Surface</a> line of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet computers</a>; and later forming <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Mobile" title="Microsoft Mobile">Microsoft Mobile</a> through the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Nokia" title="Nokia">Nokia</a>'s devices and services division. Since <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Satya_Nadella" title="Satya Nadella">Satya Nadella</a> took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, a move that helped the company's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Share_(finance)" title="Share (finance)">shares</a> reach its highest value since December 1999.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
 
</p><p>
 
In 2018, Microsoft surpassed <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a> as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after being dethroned by the tech giant in 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
 
<li id="cite_note-ER-FY18-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-ER-FY18_1-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/Investor/earnings/FY-2018-Q4/press-release-webcast">"Earnings Release FY18 Q4"</a>. <i>Microsoft</i>. July 19, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 20,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Microsoft&amp;rft.atitle=Earnings+Release+FY18+Q4&amp;rft.date=2018-07-19&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.microsoft.com%2Fen-us%2FInvestor%2Fearnings%2FFY-2018-Q4%2Fpress-release-webcast&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
</li>
 
<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://news.microsoft.com/facts-about-microsoft/#EmploymentInfo">"Facts about Microsoft"</a>. <i>Microsoft</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 20,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Microsoft&amp;rft.atitle=Facts+about+Microsoft&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fnews.microsoft.com%2Ffacts-about-microsoft%2F%23EmploymentInfo&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.forbes.com/global2000/list/#industry:Software%2520%2526%2520Programming">"The World's Biggest Public Companies"</a>. <i>Forbes</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 26,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Forbes&amp;rft.atitle=The+World%E2%80%99s+Biggest+Public+Companies&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fglobal2000%2Flist%2F%23industry%3ASoftware%252520%252526%252520Programming&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120331002758/http://ycharts.com/rankings/market_cap">"Market Cap Rankings"</a>. <i>Ycharts</i>. Zacks Investment Research. April 8, 2012. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://ycharts.com/rankings/market_cap">the original</a> on March 31, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 9,</span> 2012</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Ycharts&amp;rft.atitle=Market+Cap+Rankings&amp;rft.date=2012-04-08&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fycharts.com%2Frankings%2Fmarket_cap&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-5">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.britannica.com/topic/Microsoft-Corporation">"Microsoft Corporation"</a>. <i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Encyclop%C3%A6dia+Britannica&amp;rft.atitle=Microsoft+Corporation&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.britannica.com%2Ftopic%2FMicrosoft-Corporation&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://fortune.com/fortune500/list/">"Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List"</a>. <i>Fortune</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2018-11-09</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Fortune&amp;rft.atitle=Fortune+500+Companies+2018%3A+Who+Made+the+List&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2Ffortune500%2Flist%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1271024/000110465916161289/a16-22816_18k.htm">"U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission – Linkedin"</a>. <i>US SEC</i>. December 8, 2016<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 29,</span> 2018</span>. <q>As a result of the Merger, a change in control of [Linkedin] occurred and [Linkedin] became a wholly-owned subsidiary of [Microsoft]. The transaction resulted in the payment of approximately $26.4 billion in cash merger consideration.</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=US+SEC&amp;rft.atitle=U.S.+Securities+and+Exchange+Commission+%E2%80%93+Linkedin&amp;rft.date=2016-12-08&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sec.gov%2FArchives%2Fedgar%2Fdata%2F1271024%2F000110465916161289%2Fa16-22816_18k.htm&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bbc.com/news/business-13343600">"Microsoft confirms takeover of Skype"</a>. BBC. May 10, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 29,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Microsoft+confirms+takeover+of+Skype&amp;rft.pub=BBC&amp;rft.date=2011-05-10&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fnews%2Fbusiness-13343600&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Keizer, Gregg (July 14, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2490008/microsoft-windows/microsoft-gets-real--admits-its-device-share-is-just-14-.html">"Microsoft gets real, admits its device share is just 14%"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computerworld" title="Computerworld">Computerworld</a></i>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IDG" class="mw-redirect" title="IDG">IDG</a>. <q>[Microsoft's chief operating officer] Turner's 14% came from a new forecast released last week by Gartner, which estimated Windows' share of the shipped device market last year was 14%, and would decrease slightly to 13.7% in 2014. [..] Android will dominate, Gartner said, with a 48% share this year</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Computerworld&amp;rft.atitle=Microsoft+gets+real%2C+admits+its+device+share+is+just+14%25&amp;rft.date=2014-07-14&amp;rft.aulast=Keizer&amp;rft.aufirst=Gregg&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.computerworld.com%2Farticle%2F2490008%2Fmicrosoft-windows%2Fmicrosoft-gets-real--admits-its-device-share-is-just-14-.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Blodget, Henry (August 23, 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.businessinsider.com.au/microsoft-device-and-services-2013-8">"And Microsoft Is Giving Up On The Software Business!"</a>. <i>Business Insider Australia</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 2,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Business+Insider+Australia&amp;rft.atitle=And+Microsoft+Is+Giving+Up+On+The+Software+Business%21&amp;rft.date=2013-08-23&amp;rft.aulast=Blodget&amp;rft.aufirst=Henry&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessinsider.com.au%2Fmicrosoft-device-and-services-2013-8&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-InformationWeek_Kin-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-InformationWeek_Kin_11-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.informationweek.com/applications/notify-the-next-of-kin/d/d-id/1090416">"Notify The Next Of Kin"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:InformationWeek" title="InformationWeek">InformationWeek</a></i>. June 30, 2010.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&amp;rft.atitle=Notify+The+Next+Of+Kin&amp;rft.date=2010-06-30&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fapplications%2Fnotify-the-next-of-kin%2Fd%2Fd-id%2F1090416&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-37724557">"Microsoft sees shares hit record high"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:BBC" title="BBC">BBC</a></i>. October 21, 2016<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=BBC&amp;rft.atitle=Microsoft+sees+shares+hit+record+high&amp;rft.date=2016-10-21&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness-37724557&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.engadget.com/2017/07/03/microsofts-cloud-focus-could-mean-yet-more-layoffs/">"Microsoft's cloud focus could mean yet more layoffs"</a>. <i>Engadget</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Engadget&amp;rft.atitle=Microsoft%27s+cloud+focus+could+mean+yet+more+layoffs&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.engadget.com%2F2017%2F07%2F03%2Fmicrosofts-cloud-focus-could-mean-yet-more-layoffs%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nbcnews.com/business/business-news/how-did-microsoft-just-overtake-apple-world-s-most-valuable-n940751">"How did Microsoft just overtake Apple as the world's most valuable company?"</a>. <i>NBC News</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2018-11-28</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=NBC+News&amp;rft.atitle=How+did+Microsoft+just+overtake+Apple+as+the+world%27s+most+valuable+company%3F&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nbcnews.com%2Fbusiness%2Fbusiness-news%2Fhow-did-microsoft-just-overtake-apple-world-s-most-valuable-n940751&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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