Difference between revisions of "Wiki:Google"

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{{Wikipage|copmany_name=Microsoft|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the company. For the search engine, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Google (disambiguation)">Google (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
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<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googol" title="Googol">Googol</a> or <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Goggles" title="Goggles">Goggles</a>.</div>
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational Internet and technology corporation</div>
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Google LLC</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image" title="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red."><img alt="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/250px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="85" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/375px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/500px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a><div>Google's logo since 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup></div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Googleplex_HQ_(cropped).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Googleplex HQ (cropped).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/250px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="250" height="183" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/375px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/500px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3024" data-file-height="2212" /></a><div>Google's headquarters, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Formerly</div></th><td class="nickname" style="line-height: 1.35em;">Google Inc. (1998–2017)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Advertising" title="Advertising">Advertising</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">September&#160;4, 1998<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;21 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1998-09-04</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;a&#93;</a></sup> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Menlo_Park,_California" title="Menlo Park, California">Menlo Park</a>, California, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;">1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mountain_View,_California" title="Mountain View, California">Mountain View, California</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_financial_officer" title="Chief financial officer">CFO</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of Google products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">66,001,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2139" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">16,496,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P3362" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">14,444,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">United States dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2295" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">131,133,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2403" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">114,096&#160;(Q3 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Parent_company" title="Parent company">Parent</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> (2015–present)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of subsidiaries</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/">google.com</a></span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;line-height: 1.35em;"><b>Footnotes&#160;/&#32;references</b><br /><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup></td></tr></table>
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<p><b>Google LLC</b> is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Online_advertising" title="Online advertising">online advertising technologies</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Search_engine" class="mw-redirect" title="Search engine">search engine</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Four_tech_companies" title="Big Four tech companies">Big Four</a> technology companies, alongside <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Facebook,_Inc." title="Facebook, Inc.">Facebook</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>Google was founded in September 1998 by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a> while they were Ph.D. students at <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:California" title="California">California</a>. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Preferred_stock" title="Preferred stock">supervoting</a> stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup> An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the  <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a>. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.
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</p><p>The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>). It offers services designed for work and productivity (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Google Docs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Google Sheets</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Google Slides</a>), email (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a>), scheduling and time management (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Calendar" title="Google Calendar">Google Calendar</a>), cloud storage (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>), instant messaging and video chat (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hangouts" class="mw-redirect" title="Hangouts">Hangouts</a>), language translation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Google Translate</a>), mapping and navigation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Earth" title="Google Earth">Google Earth</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Street_View" class="mw-redirect" title="Street View">Street View</a>), video sharing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>), note-taking (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Google Keep</a>), and photo organizing and editing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Google Photos</a>). The company leads the development of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> mobile operating system, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a> web browser, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a>, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a> devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Pixel_(smartphone)" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Google Pixel</a> smartphone, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Home" title="Google Home">Google Home</a> smart speaker, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Wifi_(router)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Wifi (router)">Google Wifi</a> mesh wireless router, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Google Daydream</a> virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fiber" title="Google Fiber">Google Fiber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Google Fi</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Station" title="Google Station">Google Station</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>
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Google.com is the most visited website in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-Alexa_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Alexa-15">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup> Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a>. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">&#91;15&#93;</a></sup> but has received significant <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">criticism</a> involving issues such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">privacy concerns</a>, tax avoidance, antitrust, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">censorship</a>, and search neutrality. Google's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mission_statement" title="Mission statement">mission statement</a> is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don&#39;t be evil">Don't be evil</a>" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-17">&#91;16&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">&#91;17&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
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<li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://time.com/3250807/google-anniversary/">"Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search<span class="cs1-kern-right">'</span>"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Time_(magazine)" title="Time (magazine)">Time</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Time&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Used+to+Be+the+Company+That+Did+%27Nothing+But+Search%27&amp;rft.date=2014-09-04&amp;rft.aulast=Fitzpatrick&amp;rft.aufirst=Alex&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftime.com%2F3250807%2Fgoogle-anniversary%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/09/27/when-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle/">"When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Daily_Telegraph" title="The Daily Telegraph">The Telegraph</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Telegraph&amp;rft.atitle=When+is+Google%27s+birthday+%E2%80%93+and+why+are+people+confused%3F&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.au=Telegraph+Reporters&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Ftechnology%2F2019%2F09%2F27%2Fwhen-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/google-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html">"Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Independent" title="The Independent">The Independent</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+birthday%3A+The+one+big+problem+with+the+company%27s+celebratory+doodle&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Griffin&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrew&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Flife-style%2Fgadgets-and-tech%2Fgoogle-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Wray, Richard (September 5, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/sep/05/google.mediabusiness">"Happy birthday Google"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Guardian" title="The Guardian">The Guardian</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Guardian&amp;rft.atitle=Happy+birthday+Google&amp;rft.date=2008-09-05&amp;rft.aulast=Wray&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fbusiness%2F2008%2Fsep%2F05%2Fgoogle.mediabusiness&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf">http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf</a>.</span>
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150116073513/https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">"Company – Google"</a>. January 16, 2015. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">the original</a> on January 16, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 13,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Company+%E2%80%93+Google&amp;rft.date=2015-01-16&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fintl%2Fen%2Fabout%2Fcompany%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Claburn, Thomas (September 24, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.informationweek.com/applications/google-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang!/d/d-id/1072309">"Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:InformationWeek" title="InformationWeek">InformationWeek</a></i>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:UBM_plc" title="UBM plc">UBM plc</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110628231125/http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/google/210603678">Archived</a> from the original on June 28, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 22,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Founded+By+Sergey+Brin%2C+Larry+Page...+And+Hubert+Chang%3F%21%3F&amp;rft.date=2008-09-24&amp;rft.aulast=Claburn&amp;rft.aufirst=Thomas&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fapplications%2Fgoogle-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang%21%2Fd%2Fd-id%2F1072309&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">"Locations&#160;— Google Jobs"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130930200600/http://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">Archived</a> from the original on September 30, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 27,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Locations+%E2%80%94+Google+Jobs&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fabout%2Fjobs%2Flocations%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation pressrelease"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">"Alphabet Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Results"</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> (Press release). Mountain View, California: <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> February 4, 2019. p.&#160;1. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190204221316/https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">Archived</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> from the original on February 4, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 4,</span> 2019</span>. <q>Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG, GOOGL) today announced financial results for the quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.&#160;[...] Q1 2018 financial highlights[:] The following summarizes our consolidated financial results for the quarters ended December 31, 2017 and 2018&#160;[...]:&#160;[...] Number of employees [as of] Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 [is] 98,771[.]</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Alphabet+Announces+Fourth+Quarter+2018+Results&amp;rft.place=Mountain+View%2C+California&amp;rft.pages=1&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet+Inc.&amp;rft.date=2019-02-04&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fstatic%2Fpdf%2F2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Rivas, Teresa. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">"Ranking The Big Four Tech Stocks: Google Is No. 1, Apple Comes In Last"</a>. <i>www.barrons.com</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181228082808/https://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">Archived</a> from the original on December 28, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=www.barrons.com&amp;rft.atitle=Ranking+The+Big+Four+Tech+Stocks%3A+Google+Is+No.+1%2C+Apple+Comes+In+Last&amp;rft.aulast=Rivas&amp;rft.aufirst=Teresa&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.barrons.com%2Farticles%2Franking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Ritholtz, Barry (October 31, 2017). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">"The Big Four of Technology"</a>. <i>Bloomberg</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190626024146/https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">Archived</a> from the original on June 26, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Bloomberg&amp;rft.atitle=The+Big+Four+of+Technology&amp;rft.date=2017-10-31&amp;rft.aulast=Ritholtz&amp;rft.aufirst=Barry&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bloomberg.com%2Fopinion%2Farticles%2F2017-10-31%2Fthe-big-four-of-technology&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">"Business Entity Filing"</a>. <i>Business Search</i>. October 7, 2002. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190814022055/https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">Archived</a> from the original on August 14, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 14,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Business+Search&amp;rft.atitle=Business+Entity+Filing&amp;rft.date=2002-10-07&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbusinesssearch.sos.ca.gov%2FDocument%2FRetrievePDF%3FId%3D02474131-5043839&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Byford, Sam (September 27, 2016). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">"Google Station is a new platform that aims to make public Wi-Fi better"</a>. <i>The Verge</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170903210758/https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">Archived</a> from the original on September 3, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 22,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Verge&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Station+is+a+new+platform+that+aims+to+make+public+Wi-Fi+better&amp;rft.date=2016-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Byford&amp;rft.aufirst=Sam&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theverge.com%2F2016%2F9%2F27%2F13070922%2Fgoogle-station-public-wi-fi-india&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Alexa-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Alexa_15-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: The named reference  was invoked but never defined (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_references_no_text" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text">help page</a>).
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<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">"Google is now the world's most valuable brand"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. February 1, 2017. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170831172223/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">Archived</a> from the original on August 31, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+is+now+the+world%27s+most+valuable+brand&amp;rft.date=2017-02-01&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness%2Fnews%2Fworlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-:0-17"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-:0_17-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">"Google Code of Conduct"</a>. Alphabet. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170211223917/https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">Archived</a> from the original on February 11, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fother%2Fgoogle-code-of-conduct.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-18"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Conger, Kate. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">"Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil' Clause From Its Code of Conduct"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180525002631/https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">Archived</a> from the original on May 25, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 24,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Removes+%27Don%27t+Be+Evil%27+Clause+From+Its+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.aulast=Conger&amp;rft.aufirst=Kate&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fgizmodo.com%2Fgoogle-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<p><br /><span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: There are  template (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_group_refs_without_references" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error group refs without references">help page</a>).
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</div>|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the company. For the search engine, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Google (disambiguation)">Google (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
 +
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googol" title="Googol">Googol</a> or <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Goggles" title="Goggles">Goggles</a>.</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
 +
</p>
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational Internet and technology corporation</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Google LLC</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image" title="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red."><img alt="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/250px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="85" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/375px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/500px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a><div>Google's logo since 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup></div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Googleplex_HQ_(cropped).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Googleplex HQ (cropped).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/250px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="250" height="183" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/375px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/500px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3024" data-file-height="2212" /></a><div>Google's headquarters, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Formerly</div></th><td class="nickname" style="line-height: 1.35em;">Google Inc. (1998–2017)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Advertising" title="Advertising">Advertising</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">September&#160;4, 1998<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;21 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1998-09-04</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;a&#93;</a></sup> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Menlo_Park,_California" title="Menlo Park, California">Menlo Park</a>, California, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;">1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mountain_View,_California" title="Mountain View, California">Mountain View, California</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_financial_officer" title="Chief financial officer">CFO</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of Google products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">66,001,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2139" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">16,496,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P3362" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">14,444,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">United States dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2295" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">131,133,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2403" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">114,096&#160;(Q3 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Parent_company" title="Parent company">Parent</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> (2015–present)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of subsidiaries</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/">google.com</a></span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;line-height: 1.35em;"><b>Footnotes&#160;/&#32;references</b><br /><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup></td></tr></table>
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<p><b>Google LLC</b> is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Online_advertising" title="Online advertising">online advertising technologies</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Search_engine" class="mw-redirect" title="Search engine">search engine</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Four_tech_companies" title="Big Four tech companies">Big Four</a> technology companies, alongside <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Facebook,_Inc." title="Facebook, Inc.">Facebook</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>Google was founded in September 1998 by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a> while they were Ph.D. students at <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:California" title="California">California</a>. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Preferred_stock" title="Preferred stock">supervoting</a> stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup> An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the  <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a>. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.
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</p><p>The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>). It offers services designed for work and productivity (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Google Docs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Google Sheets</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Google Slides</a>), email (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a>), scheduling and time management (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Calendar" title="Google Calendar">Google Calendar</a>), cloud storage (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>), instant messaging and video chat (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hangouts" class="mw-redirect" title="Hangouts">Hangouts</a>), language translation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Google Translate</a>), mapping and navigation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Earth" title="Google Earth">Google Earth</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Street_View" class="mw-redirect" title="Street View">Street View</a>), video sharing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>), note-taking (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Google Keep</a>), and photo organizing and editing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Google Photos</a>). The company leads the development of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> mobile operating system, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a> web browser, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a>, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a> devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Pixel_(smartphone)" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Google Pixel</a> smartphone, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Home" title="Google Home">Google Home</a> smart speaker, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Wifi_(router)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Wifi (router)">Google Wifi</a> mesh wireless router, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Google Daydream</a> virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fiber" title="Google Fiber">Google Fiber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Google Fi</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Station" title="Google Station">Google Station</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>
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Google.com is the most visited website in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-Alexa_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Alexa-15">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup> Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a>. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">&#91;15&#93;</a></sup> but has received significant <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">criticism</a> involving issues such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">privacy concerns</a>, tax avoidance, antitrust, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">censorship</a>, and search neutrality. Google's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mission_statement" title="Mission statement">mission statement</a> is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don&#39;t be evil">Don't be evil</a>" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-17">&#91;16&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">&#91;17&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
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<li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://time.com/3250807/google-anniversary/">"Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search<span class="cs1-kern-right">'</span>"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Time_(magazine)" title="Time (magazine)">Time</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Time&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Used+to+Be+the+Company+That+Did+%27Nothing+But+Search%27&amp;rft.date=2014-09-04&amp;rft.aulast=Fitzpatrick&amp;rft.aufirst=Alex&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftime.com%2F3250807%2Fgoogle-anniversary%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/09/27/when-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle/">"When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Daily_Telegraph" title="The Daily Telegraph">The Telegraph</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Telegraph&amp;rft.atitle=When+is+Google%27s+birthday+%E2%80%93+and+why+are+people+confused%3F&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.au=Telegraph+Reporters&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Ftechnology%2F2019%2F09%2F27%2Fwhen-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/google-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html">"Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Independent" title="The Independent">The Independent</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+birthday%3A+The+one+big+problem+with+the+company%27s+celebratory+doodle&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Griffin&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrew&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Flife-style%2Fgadgets-and-tech%2Fgoogle-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Wray, Richard (September 5, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/sep/05/google.mediabusiness">"Happy birthday Google"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Guardian" title="The Guardian">The Guardian</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Guardian&amp;rft.atitle=Happy+birthday+Google&amp;rft.date=2008-09-05&amp;rft.aulast=Wray&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fbusiness%2F2008%2Fsep%2F05%2Fgoogle.mediabusiness&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf">http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf</a>.</span>
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150116073513/https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">"Company – Google"</a>. January 16, 2015. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">the original</a> on January 16, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 13,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Company+%E2%80%93+Google&amp;rft.date=2015-01-16&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fintl%2Fen%2Fabout%2Fcompany%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Claburn, Thomas (September 24, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.informationweek.com/applications/google-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang!/d/d-id/1072309">"Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:InformationWeek" title="InformationWeek">InformationWeek</a></i>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:UBM_plc" title="UBM plc">UBM plc</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110628231125/http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/google/210603678">Archived</a> from the original on June 28, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 22,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Founded+By+Sergey+Brin%2C+Larry+Page...+And+Hubert+Chang%3F%21%3F&amp;rft.date=2008-09-24&amp;rft.aulast=Claburn&amp;rft.aufirst=Thomas&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fapplications%2Fgoogle-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang%21%2Fd%2Fd-id%2F1072309&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">"Locations&#160;— Google Jobs"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130930200600/http://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">Archived</a> from the original on September 30, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 27,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Locations+%E2%80%94+Google+Jobs&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fabout%2Fjobs%2Flocations%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation pressrelease"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">"Alphabet Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Results"</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> (Press release). Mountain View, California: <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> February 4, 2019. p.&#160;1. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190204221316/https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">Archived</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> from the original on February 4, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 4,</span> 2019</span>. <q>Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG, GOOGL) today announced financial results for the quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.&#160;[...] Q1 2018 financial highlights[:] The following summarizes our consolidated financial results for the quarters ended December 31, 2017 and 2018&#160;[...]:&#160;[...] Number of employees [as of] Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 [is] 98,771[.]</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Alphabet+Announces+Fourth+Quarter+2018+Results&amp;rft.place=Mountain+View%2C+California&amp;rft.pages=1&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet+Inc.&amp;rft.date=2019-02-04&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fstatic%2Fpdf%2F2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Rivas, Teresa. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">"Ranking The Big Four Tech Stocks: Google Is No. 1, Apple Comes In Last"</a>. <i>www.barrons.com</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181228082808/https://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">Archived</a> from the original on December 28, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=www.barrons.com&amp;rft.atitle=Ranking+The+Big+Four+Tech+Stocks%3A+Google+Is+No.+1%2C+Apple+Comes+In+Last&amp;rft.aulast=Rivas&amp;rft.aufirst=Teresa&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.barrons.com%2Farticles%2Franking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Ritholtz, Barry (October 31, 2017). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">"The Big Four of Technology"</a>. <i>Bloomberg</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190626024146/https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">Archived</a> from the original on June 26, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Bloomberg&amp;rft.atitle=The+Big+Four+of+Technology&amp;rft.date=2017-10-31&amp;rft.aulast=Ritholtz&amp;rft.aufirst=Barry&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bloomberg.com%2Fopinion%2Farticles%2F2017-10-31%2Fthe-big-four-of-technology&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">"Business Entity Filing"</a>. <i>Business Search</i>. October 7, 2002. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190814022055/https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">Archived</a> from the original on August 14, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 14,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Business+Search&amp;rft.atitle=Business+Entity+Filing&amp;rft.date=2002-10-07&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbusinesssearch.sos.ca.gov%2FDocument%2FRetrievePDF%3FId%3D02474131-5043839&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Byford, Sam (September 27, 2016). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">"Google Station is a new platform that aims to make public Wi-Fi better"</a>. <i>The Verge</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170903210758/https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">Archived</a> from the original on September 3, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 22,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Verge&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Station+is+a+new+platform+that+aims+to+make+public+Wi-Fi+better&amp;rft.date=2016-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Byford&amp;rft.aufirst=Sam&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theverge.com%2F2016%2F9%2F27%2F13070922%2Fgoogle-station-public-wi-fi-india&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Alexa-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Alexa_15-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: The named reference  was invoked but never defined (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_references_no_text" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text">help page</a>).
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<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">"Google is now the world's most valuable brand"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. February 1, 2017. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170831172223/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">Archived</a> from the original on August 31, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+is+now+the+world%27s+most+valuable+brand&amp;rft.date=2017-02-01&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness%2Fnews%2Fworlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-:0-17"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-:0_17-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">"Google Code of Conduct"</a>. Alphabet. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170211223917/https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">Archived</a> from the original on February 11, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fother%2Fgoogle-code-of-conduct.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-18"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Conger, Kate. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">"Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil' Clause From Its Code of Conduct"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180525002631/https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">Archived</a> from the original on May 25, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 24,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Removes+%27Don%27t+Be+Evil%27+Clause+From+Its+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.aulast=Conger&amp;rft.aufirst=Kate&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fgizmodo.com%2Fgoogle-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</div>|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the company. For the search engine, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Google (disambiguation)">Google (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
 +
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googol" title="Googol">Googol</a> or <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Goggles" title="Goggles">Goggles</a>.</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational Internet and technology corporation</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Google LLC</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image" title="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red."><img alt="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/250px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="85" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/375px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/500px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a><div>Google's logo since 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup></div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Googleplex_HQ_(cropped).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Googleplex HQ (cropped).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/250px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="250" height="183" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/375px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/500px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3024" data-file-height="2212" /></a><div>Google's headquarters, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Formerly</div></th><td class="nickname" style="line-height: 1.35em;">Google Inc. (1998–2017)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Advertising" title="Advertising">Advertising</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">September&#160;4, 1998<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;21 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1998-09-04</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;a&#93;</a></sup> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Menlo_Park,_California" title="Menlo Park, California">Menlo Park</a>, California, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;">1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mountain_View,_California" title="Mountain View, California">Mountain View, California</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_financial_officer" title="Chief financial officer">CFO</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of Google products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">66,001,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2139" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">16,496,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P3362" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">14,444,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">United States dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2295" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">131,133,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2403" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">114,096&#160;(Q3 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Parent_company" title="Parent company">Parent</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> (2015–present)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of subsidiaries</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/">google.com</a></span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;line-height: 1.35em;"><b>Footnotes&#160;/&#32;references</b><br /><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup></td></tr></table>
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<p><b>Google LLC</b> is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Online_advertising" title="Online advertising">online advertising technologies</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Search_engine" class="mw-redirect" title="Search engine">search engine</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Four_tech_companies" title="Big Four tech companies">Big Four</a> technology companies, alongside <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Facebook,_Inc." title="Facebook, Inc.">Facebook</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup>
 +
</p><p>Google was founded in September 1998 by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a> while they were Ph.D. students at <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:California" title="California">California</a>. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Preferred_stock" title="Preferred stock">supervoting</a> stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup> An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the  <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a>. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.
 +
</p><p>The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>). It offers services designed for work and productivity (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Google Docs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Google Sheets</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Google Slides</a>), email (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a>), scheduling and time management (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Calendar" title="Google Calendar">Google Calendar</a>), cloud storage (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>), instant messaging and video chat (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hangouts" class="mw-redirect" title="Hangouts">Hangouts</a>), language translation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Google Translate</a>), mapping and navigation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Earth" title="Google Earth">Google Earth</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Street_View" class="mw-redirect" title="Street View">Street View</a>), video sharing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>), note-taking (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Google Keep</a>), and photo organizing and editing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Google Photos</a>). The company leads the development of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> mobile operating system, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a> web browser, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a>, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a> devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Pixel_(smartphone)" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Google Pixel</a> smartphone, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Home" title="Google Home">Google Home</a> smart speaker, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Wifi_(router)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Wifi (router)">Google Wifi</a> mesh wireless router, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Google Daydream</a> virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fiber" title="Google Fiber">Google Fiber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Google Fi</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Station" title="Google Station">Google Station</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>
 +
Google.com is the most visited website in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-Alexa_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Alexa-15">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup> Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a>. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">&#91;15&#93;</a></sup> but has received significant <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">criticism</a> involving issues such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">privacy concerns</a>, tax avoidance, antitrust, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">censorship</a>, and search neutrality. Google's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mission_statement" title="Mission statement">mission statement</a> is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don&#39;t be evil">Don't be evil</a>" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-17">&#91;16&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">&#91;17&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
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<li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://time.com/3250807/google-anniversary/">"Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search<span class="cs1-kern-right">'</span>"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Time_(magazine)" title="Time (magazine)">Time</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Time&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Used+to+Be+the+Company+That+Did+%27Nothing+But+Search%27&amp;rft.date=2014-09-04&amp;rft.aulast=Fitzpatrick&amp;rft.aufirst=Alex&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftime.com%2F3250807%2Fgoogle-anniversary%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/09/27/when-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle/">"When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Daily_Telegraph" title="The Daily Telegraph">The Telegraph</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Telegraph&amp;rft.atitle=When+is+Google%27s+birthday+%E2%80%93+and+why+are+people+confused%3F&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.au=Telegraph+Reporters&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Ftechnology%2F2019%2F09%2F27%2Fwhen-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/google-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html">"Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Independent" title="The Independent">The Independent</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+birthday%3A+The+one+big+problem+with+the+company%27s+celebratory+doodle&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Griffin&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrew&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Flife-style%2Fgadgets-and-tech%2Fgoogle-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Wray, Richard (September 5, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/sep/05/google.mediabusiness">"Happy birthday Google"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Guardian" title="The Guardian">The Guardian</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Guardian&amp;rft.atitle=Happy+birthday+Google&amp;rft.date=2008-09-05&amp;rft.aulast=Wray&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fbusiness%2F2008%2Fsep%2F05%2Fgoogle.mediabusiness&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf">http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf</a>.</span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150116073513/https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">"Company – Google"</a>. January 16, 2015. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">the original</a> on January 16, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 13,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Company+%E2%80%93+Google&amp;rft.date=2015-01-16&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fintl%2Fen%2Fabout%2Fcompany%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Claburn, Thomas (September 24, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.informationweek.com/applications/google-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang!/d/d-id/1072309">"Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:InformationWeek" title="InformationWeek">InformationWeek</a></i>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:UBM_plc" title="UBM plc">UBM plc</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110628231125/http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/google/210603678">Archived</a> from the original on June 28, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 22,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Founded+By+Sergey+Brin%2C+Larry+Page...+And+Hubert+Chang%3F%21%3F&amp;rft.date=2008-09-24&amp;rft.aulast=Claburn&amp;rft.aufirst=Thomas&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fapplications%2Fgoogle-founded-by-sergey-brin-larry-page-and-hubert-chang%21%2Fd%2Fd-id%2F1072309&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">"Locations&#160;— Google Jobs"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130930200600/http://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/">Archived</a> from the original on September 30, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 27,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Locations+%E2%80%94+Google+Jobs&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fabout%2Fjobs%2Flocations%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation pressrelease"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">"Alphabet Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Results"</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> (Press release). Mountain View, California: <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> February 4, 2019. p.&#160;1. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190204221316/https://abc.xyz/investor/static/pdf/2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf">Archived</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> from the original on February 4, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 4,</span> 2019</span>. <q>Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG, GOOGL) today announced financial results for the quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.&#160;[...] Q1 2018 financial highlights[:] The following summarizes our consolidated financial results for the quarters ended December 31, 2017 and 2018&#160;[...]:&#160;[...] Number of employees [as of] Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 [is] 98,771[.]</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Alphabet+Announces+Fourth+Quarter+2018+Results&amp;rft.place=Mountain+View%2C+California&amp;rft.pages=1&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet+Inc.&amp;rft.date=2019-02-04&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fstatic%2Fpdf%2F2018Q4_alphabet_earnings_release.pdf&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Rivas, Teresa. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">"Ranking The Big Four Tech Stocks: Google Is No. 1, Apple Comes In Last"</a>. <i>www.barrons.com</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181228082808/https://www.barrons.com/articles/ranking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102">Archived</a> from the original on December 28, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=www.barrons.com&amp;rft.atitle=Ranking+The+Big+Four+Tech+Stocks%3A+Google+Is+No.+1%2C+Apple+Comes+In+Last&amp;rft.aulast=Rivas&amp;rft.aufirst=Teresa&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.barrons.com%2Farticles%2Franking-the-big-four-internet-stocks-google-is-no-1-apple-comes-in-last-1503412102&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Ritholtz, Barry (October 31, 2017). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">"The Big Four of Technology"</a>. <i>Bloomberg</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190626024146/https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2017-10-31/the-big-four-of-technology">Archived</a> from the original on June 26, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 27,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Bloomberg&amp;rft.atitle=The+Big+Four+of+Technology&amp;rft.date=2017-10-31&amp;rft.aulast=Ritholtz&amp;rft.aufirst=Barry&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bloomberg.com%2Fopinion%2Farticles%2F2017-10-31%2Fthe-big-four-of-technology&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">"Business Entity Filing"</a>. <i>Business Search</i>. October 7, 2002. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190814022055/https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/Document/RetrievePDF?Id=02474131-5043839">Archived</a> from the original on August 14, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 14,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Business+Search&amp;rft.atitle=Business+Entity+Filing&amp;rft.date=2002-10-07&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbusinesssearch.sos.ca.gov%2FDocument%2FRetrievePDF%3FId%3D02474131-5043839&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Byford, Sam (September 27, 2016). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">"Google Station is a new platform that aims to make public Wi-Fi better"</a>. <i>The Verge</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170903210758/https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13070922/google-station-public-wi-fi-india">Archived</a> from the original on September 3, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 22,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Verge&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Station+is+a+new+platform+that+aims+to+make+public+Wi-Fi+better&amp;rft.date=2016-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Byford&amp;rft.aufirst=Sam&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theverge.com%2F2016%2F9%2F27%2F13070922%2Fgoogle-station-public-wi-fi-india&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Alexa-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Alexa_15-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: The named reference  was invoked but never defined (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_references_no_text" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text">help page</a>).
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<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">"Google is now the world's most valuable brand"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. February 1, 2017. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170831172223/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">Archived</a> from the original on August 31, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+is+now+the+world%27s+most+valuable+brand&amp;rft.date=2017-02-01&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness%2Fnews%2Fworlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-:0-17"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-:0_17-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">"Google Code of Conduct"</a>. Alphabet. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170211223917/https://abc.xyz/investor/other/google-code-of-conduct.html">Archived</a> from the original on February 11, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.pub=Alphabet&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fabc.xyz%2Finvestor%2Fother%2Fgoogle-code-of-conduct.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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<li id="cite_note-18"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Conger, Kate. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">"Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil' Clause From Its Code of Conduct"</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180525002631/https://gizmodo.com/google-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393">Archived</a> from the original on May 25, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 24,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Google+Removes+%27Don%27t+Be+Evil%27+Clause+From+Its+Code+of+Conduct&amp;rft.aulast=Conger&amp;rft.aufirst=Kate&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fgizmodo.com%2Fgoogle-removes-nearly-all-mentions-of-dont-be-evil-from-1826153393&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</div>|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the company. For the search engine, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Google (disambiguation)">Google (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
 +
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googol" title="Googol">Googol</a> or <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Goggles" title="Goggles">Goggles</a>.</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
 +
</p>
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational Internet and technology corporation</div>
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<p class="mw-empty-elt">
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Google LLC</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image" title="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red."><img alt="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/250px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="85" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/375px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/500px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a><div>Google's logo since 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup></div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Googleplex_HQ_(cropped).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Googleplex HQ (cropped).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/250px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="250" height="183" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/375px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/500px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3024" data-file-height="2212" /></a><div>Google's headquarters, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Formerly</div></th><td class="nickname" style="line-height: 1.35em;">Google Inc. (1998–2017)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Advertising" title="Advertising">Advertising</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">September&#160;4, 1998<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;21 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1998-09-04</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;a&#93;</a></sup> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Menlo_Park,_California" title="Menlo Park, California">Menlo Park</a>, California, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;">1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mountain_View,_California" title="Mountain View, California">Mountain View, California</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_financial_officer" title="Chief financial officer">CFO</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of Google products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">66,001,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2139" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">16,496,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P3362" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">14,444,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">United States dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2295" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">131,133,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2403" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">114,096&#160;(Q3 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Parent_company" title="Parent company">Parent</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> (2015–present)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of subsidiaries</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/">google.com</a></span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;line-height: 1.35em;"><b>Footnotes&#160;/&#32;references</b><br /><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup></td></tr></table>
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<p><b>Google LLC</b> is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Online_advertising" title="Online advertising">online advertising technologies</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Search_engine" class="mw-redirect" title="Search engine">search engine</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Four_tech_companies" title="Big Four tech companies">Big Four</a> technology companies, alongside <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Facebook,_Inc." title="Facebook, Inc.">Facebook</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup>
 +
</p><p>Google was founded in September 1998 by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a> while they were Ph.D. students at <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:California" title="California">California</a>. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Preferred_stock" title="Preferred stock">supervoting</a> stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup> An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the  <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a>. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.
 +
</p><p>The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>). It offers services designed for work and productivity (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Google Docs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Google Sheets</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Google Slides</a>), email (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a>), scheduling and time management (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Calendar" title="Google Calendar">Google Calendar</a>), cloud storage (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>), instant messaging and video chat (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hangouts" class="mw-redirect" title="Hangouts">Hangouts</a>), language translation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Google Translate</a>), mapping and navigation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Earth" title="Google Earth">Google Earth</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Street_View" class="mw-redirect" title="Street View">Street View</a>), video sharing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>), note-taking (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Google Keep</a>), and photo organizing and editing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Google Photos</a>). The company leads the development of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> mobile operating system, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a> web browser, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a>, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a> devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Pixel_(smartphone)" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Google Pixel</a> smartphone, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Home" title="Google Home">Google Home</a> smart speaker, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Wifi_(router)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Wifi (router)">Google Wifi</a> mesh wireless router, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Google Daydream</a> virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fiber" title="Google Fiber">Google Fiber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Google Fi</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Station" title="Google Station">Google Station</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
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</p><p>
 +
Google.com is the most visited website in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-Alexa_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Alexa-15">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup> Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a>. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">&#91;15&#93;</a></sup> but has received significant <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">criticism</a> involving issues such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">privacy concerns</a>, tax avoidance, antitrust, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">censorship</a>, and search neutrality. Google's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mission_statement" title="Mission statement">mission statement</a> is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don&#39;t be evil">Don't be evil</a>" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-17">&#91;16&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">&#91;17&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
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<li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://time.com/3250807/google-anniversary/">"Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search<span class="cs1-kern-right">'</span>"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Time_(magazine)" title="Time (magazine)">Time</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Time&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Used+to+Be+the+Company+That+Did+%27Nothing+But+Search%27&amp;rft.date=2014-09-04&amp;rft.aulast=Fitzpatrick&amp;rft.aufirst=Alex&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftime.com%2F3250807%2Fgoogle-anniversary%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/09/27/when-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle/">"When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Daily_Telegraph" title="The Daily Telegraph">The Telegraph</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Telegraph&amp;rft.atitle=When+is+Google%27s+birthday+%E2%80%93+and+why+are+people+confused%3F&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.au=Telegraph+Reporters&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Ftechnology%2F2019%2F09%2F27%2Fwhen-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/google-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html">"Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Independent" title="The Independent">The Independent</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+birthday%3A+The+one+big+problem+with+the+company%27s+celebratory+doodle&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Griffin&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrew&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Flife-style%2Fgadgets-and-tech%2Fgoogle-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Wray, Richard (September 5, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/sep/05/google.mediabusiness">"Happy birthday Google"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Guardian" title="The Guardian">The Guardian</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Guardian&amp;rft.atitle=Happy+birthday+Google&amp;rft.date=2008-09-05&amp;rft.aulast=Wray&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fbusiness%2F2008%2Fsep%2F05%2Fgoogle.mediabusiness&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf">http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf</a>.</span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150116073513/https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">"Company – Google"</a>. January 16, 2015. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/">the original</a> on January 16, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 13,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Company+%E2%80%93+Google&amp;rft.date=2015-01-16&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Fintl%2Fen%2Fabout%2Fcompany%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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</li>
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<li id="cite_note-Alexa-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Alexa_15-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: The named reference  was invoked but never defined (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_references_no_text" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text">help page</a>).
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<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">"Google is now the world's most valuable brand"</a>. <i>The Independent</i>. February 1, 2017. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170831172223/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/worlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html">Archived</a> from the original on August 31, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 31,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+is+now+the+world%27s+most+valuable+brand&amp;rft.date=2017-02-01&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness%2Fnews%2Fworlds-most-valuable-brands-facebook-google-apple-amazon-a7556571.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
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Latest revision as of 09:53, 30 March 2020

Google LLC
Formerly
Google Inc. (1998–2017)
Subsidiary
Industry
FoundedSeptember 4, 1998; 21 years ago (1998-09-04)[a] in Menlo Park, California, U.S.
Founders
Headquarters1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, ,
U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
ProductsList of Google products
Revenue66,001,000,000 US dollar[5] (2014) Edit this on Wikidata
16,496,000,000 US dollar[5] (2014) Edit this on Wikidata
14,444,000,000 United States dollar[5] (2014) Edit this on Wikidata
Total assets131,133,000,000 US dollar[5] (2014) Edit this on Wikidata
Number of employees
114,096 (Q3 2019)
ParentAlphabet Inc. (2015–present)
SubsidiariesList of subsidiaries
Websitegoogle.com
Footnotes / references
[6][7][8][9]

Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple, and Facebook.[10][11]

Google was founded in September 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.[12] An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the Googleplex. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.

The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (Google Search). It offers services designed for work and productivity (Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides), email (Gmail), scheduling and time management (Google Calendar), cloud storage (Google Drive), instant messaging and video chat (Duo, Hangouts), language translation (Google Translate), mapping and navigation (Google Maps, Waze, Google Earth, Street View), video sharing (YouTube), note-taking (Google Keep), and photo organizing and editing (Google Photos). The company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its Nexus devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the Google Pixel smartphone, Google Home smart speaker, Google Wifi mesh wireless router, and Google Daydream virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (Google Fiber, Google Fi, and Google Station).[13]

Google.com is the most visited website in the world.[14] Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including YouTube and Blogger. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,[15] but has received significant criticism involving issues such as privacy concerns, tax avoidance, antitrust, censorship, and search neutrality. Google's mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "Don't be evil" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.[16][17]

  1. ^ Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). "Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search'". Time.
  2. ^ Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). "When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?". The Telegraph.
  3. ^ Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). "Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle". The Independent.
  4. ^ Wray, Richard (September 5, 2008). "Happy birthday Google". The Guardian.
  5. ^ a b c d http://investor.google.com/pdf/2014Q4_google_earnings_data.pdf.
  6. ^ "Company – Google". January 16, 2015. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  7. ^ Claburn, Thomas (September 24, 2008). "Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?". InformationWeek. UBM plc. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
  8. ^ "Locations — Google Jobs". Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  9. ^ "Alphabet Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Results" (PDF) (Press release). Mountain View, California: Alphabet Inc. February 4, 2019. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 4, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019. Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG, GOOGL) today announced financial results for the quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. [...] Q1 2018 financial highlights[:] The following summarizes our consolidated financial results for the quarters ended December 31, 2017 and 2018 [...]: [...] Number of employees [as of] Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 [is] 98,771[.]
  10. ^ Rivas, Teresa. "Ranking The Big Four Tech Stocks: Google Is No. 1, Apple Comes In Last". www.barrons.com. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  11. ^ Ritholtz, Barry (October 31, 2017). "The Big Four of Technology". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  12. ^ "Business Entity Filing". Business Search. October 7, 2002. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  13. ^ Byford, Sam (September 27, 2016). "Google Station is a new platform that aims to make public Wi-Fi better". The Verge. Archived from the original on September 3, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ "Google is now the world's most valuable brand". The Independent. February 1, 2017. Archived from the original on August 31, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  16. ^ "Google Code of Conduct". Alphabet. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  17. ^ Conger, Kate. "Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil' Clause From Its Code of Conduct". Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.


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