Difference between revisions of "Wiki:Google"

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|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the company. For the search engine, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Google (disambiguation)">Google (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
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<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googol" title="Googol">Googol</a> or <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Goggles" title="Goggles">Goggles</a>.</div>
 
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational Internet and technology corporation</div>
 
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Google LLC</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image" title="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red."><img alt="Each letter of &quot;Google&quot; is colored (from left to right) in blue, red, yellow, blue, green, and red." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/250px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="85" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/375px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/500px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a><div>Google's logo since 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup></div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Googleplex_HQ_(cropped).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Googleplex HQ (cropped).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/250px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="250" height="183" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/375px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg/500px-Googleplex_HQ_%28cropped%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3024" data-file-height="2212" /></a><div>Google's headquarters, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Formerly</div></th><td class="nickname" style="line-height: 1.35em;">Google Inc. (1998–2017)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Advertising" title="Advertising">Advertising</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">September&#160;4, 1998<span class="noprint">&#59;&#32;21 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1998-09-04</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">&#91;a&#93;</a></sup> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Menlo_Park,_California" title="Menlo Park, California">Menlo Park</a>, California, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;">1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mountain_View,_California" title="Mountain View, California">Mountain View, California</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">U.S.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_financial_officer" title="Chief financial officer">CFO</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of Google products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">66,001,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2139" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">16,496,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P3362" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">14,444,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">United States dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2295" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">131,133,000,000 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollar</a><sup id="cite_ref-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wikidata-48bd89fe642813b32b22adf50e2c8d1c874e4ad0-v3-6">&#91;5&#93;</a></sup>&#32;(2014)&#160;<a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q95?uselang=en#P2403" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">114,096&#160;(Q3 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Parent_company" title="Parent company">Parent</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> (2015–present)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of subsidiaries</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/">google.com</a></span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;line-height: 1.35em;"><b>Footnotes&#160;/&#32;references</b><br /><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">&#91;6&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">&#91;7&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">&#91;8&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EmployeesAsOf2018Q4-10">&#91;9&#93;</a></sup></td></tr></table>
 
<p><b>Google LLC</b> is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Online_advertising" title="Online advertising">online advertising technologies</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Search_engine" class="mw-redirect" title="Search engine">search engine</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Four_tech_companies" title="Big Four tech companies">Big Four</a> technology companies, alongside <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Facebook,_Inc." title="Facebook, Inc.">Facebook</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">&#91;10&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">&#91;11&#93;</a></sup>
 
</p><p>Google was founded in September 1998 by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Larry_Page" title="Larry Page">Larry Page</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sergey_Brin" title="Sergey Brin">Sergey Brin</a> while they were Ph.D. students at <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:California" title="California">California</a>. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Preferred_stock" title="Preferred stock">supervoting</a> stock. They incorporated Google as a California privately held company on September 4, 1998, in California. Google was then reincorporated in Delaware on October 22, 2002.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">&#91;12&#93;</a></sup> An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the  <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a>. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a> Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.
 
</p><p>The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a>). It offers services designed for work and productivity (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Google Docs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Google Sheets</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Google Slides</a>), email (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a>), scheduling and time management (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Calendar" title="Google Calendar">Google Calendar</a>), cloud storage (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>), instant messaging and video chat (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hangouts" class="mw-redirect" title="Hangouts">Hangouts</a>), language translation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Google Translate</a>), mapping and navigation (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Earth" title="Google Earth">Google Earth</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Street_View" class="mw-redirect" title="Street View">Street View</a>), video sharing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>), note-taking (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Google Keep</a>), and photo organizing and editing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Google Photos</a>). The company leads the development of the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> mobile operating system, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a> web browser, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a>, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a> devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Pixel_(smartphone)" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Google Pixel</a> smartphone, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Home" title="Google Home">Google Home</a> smart speaker, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Wifi_(router)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Wifi (router)">Google Wifi</a> mesh wireless router, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Google Daydream</a> virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fiber" title="Google Fiber">Google Fiber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Google Fi</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google_Station" title="Google Station">Google Station</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">&#91;13&#93;</a></sup>
 
</p><p>
 
Google.com is the most visited website in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-Alexa_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Alexa-15">&#91;14&#93;</a></sup> Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a>. Google was the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017,<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Google&amp;action=edit">&#91;update&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">&#91;15&#93;</a></sup> but has received significant <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">criticism</a> involving issues such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">privacy concerns</a>, tax avoidance, antitrust, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">censorship</a>, and search neutrality. Google's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mission_statement" title="Mission statement">mission statement</a> is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". The company's unofficial slogan "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don&#39;t be evil">Don't be evil</a>" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018, but reinstated by July 31, 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-17">&#91;16&#93;</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">&#91;17&#93;</a></sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
 
<li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Fitzpatrick, Alex (September 4, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://time.com/3250807/google-anniversary/">"Google Used to Be the Company That Did 'Nothing But Search<span class="cs1-kern-right">'</span>"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Time_(magazine)" title="Time (magazine)">Time</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Time&amp;rft.atitle=Google+Used+to+Be+the+Company+That+Did+%27Nothing+But+Search%27&amp;rft.date=2014-09-04&amp;rft.aulast=Fitzpatrick&amp;rft.aufirst=Alex&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftime.com%2F3250807%2Fgoogle-anniversary%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
</li>
 
<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Telegraph Reporters (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/09/27/when-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle/">"When is Google's birthday – and why are people confused?"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Daily_Telegraph" title="The Daily Telegraph">The Telegraph</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Telegraph&amp;rft.atitle=When+is+Google%27s+birthday+%E2%80%93+and+why+are+people+confused%3F&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.au=Telegraph+Reporters&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Ftechnology%2F2019%2F09%2F27%2Fwhen-is-googles-21st-birthday-doodle%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
</li>
 
<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Griffin, Andrew (September 27, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/google-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html">"Google birthday: The one big problem with the company's celebratory doodle"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Independent" title="The Independent">The Independent</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Google+birthday%3A+The+one+big+problem+with+the+company%27s+celebratory+doodle&amp;rft.date=2019-09-27&amp;rft.aulast=Griffin&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrew&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Flife-style%2Fgadgets-and-tech%2Fgoogle-birthday-surprise-spinner-date-problem-start-company-a7968951.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
</li>
 
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<p><br /><span class="error mw-ext-cite-error" lang="en" dir="ltr">Cite error: There are  template (see the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Cite_errors/Cite_error_group_refs_without_references" title="Help:Cite errors/Cite error group refs without references">help page</a>).
 
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