Difference between revisions of "Wiki:IBM"

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{{Wikipage|companyName =Fortune 500|Wikidescription=<div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the American multinational technology company. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="IBM (disambiguation)">IBM (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
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<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">"Big Blue" redirects here. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Big_Blue_(disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig" title="Big Blue (disambiguation)">Big Blue (disambiguation)</a>.</div>
 
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">American multinational technology and consulting corporation</div>
 
<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">International Business Machines Corporation</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:IBM_logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="IBM logo.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/IBM_logo.svg/250px-IBM_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="100" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/IBM_logo.svg/375px-IBM_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/IBM_logo.svg/500px-IBM_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="400" /></a></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg" class="image"><img alt="IBM CHQ - Oct 2014.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b5/IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg/220px-IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="165" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b5/IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg/330px-IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b5/IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg/440px-IBM_CHQ_-_Oct_2014.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3264" data-file-height="2448" /></a><div>IBM headquarters in Armonk, New York.</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Public_company" title="Public company">Public</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">Traded as</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:New_York_Stock_Exchange" title="New York Stock Exchange">NYSE</a>: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nyse.com/quote/XNYS:IBM">IBM</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average" title="Dow Jones Industrial Average">DJIA Component</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_100" title="S&P 100">S&P 100 Component</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_500" class="mw-redirect" title="S&P 500">S&P 500 Component</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:International_Securities_Identification_Number" title="International Securities Identification Number">ISIN</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><a class="external text" href="https://tools.wmflabs.org/isin/?language=en&isin=US4592001014">US4592001014</a></span></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Artificial_intelligence" title="Artificial intelligence">Artificial intelligence</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Predecessor</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bundy_Manufacturing_Company" title="Bundy Manufacturing Company">Bundy Manufacturing Company</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computing-Tabulating-Recording_Company#Computing_Scale_Company_of_America" title="Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company">Computing Scale Company of America</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:International_Time_Recording_Company" class="mw-redirect" title="International Time Recording Company">International Time Recording Company</a><br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computing-Tabulating-Recording_Company#Tabulating_Machine_Company" title="Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company">Tabulating Machine Company</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">June 16, 1911<span class="noprint">; 108 years ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1911-06-16</span>)</span> (as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computing-Tabulating-Recording_Company" title="Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company">Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company</a>)<br /><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Endicott,_New_York" title="Endicott, New York">Endicott</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:New_York_(state)" title="New York (state)">New York</a>, U.S.<sup id="cite_ref-certificate1911_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-certificate1911-1">[1]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Charles_Ranlett_Flint" title="Charles Ranlett Flint">Charles Ranlett Flint</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Thomas_J._Watson_Sr." class="mw-redirect" title="Thomas J. Watson Sr.">Thomas J. Watson Sr.</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="adr" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Armonk,_New_York" title="Armonk, New York">Armonk, New York</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States" title="United States">U.S.</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">177 countries<sup id="cite_ref-fortune20160201_2-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fortune20160201-2">[2]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ginni_Rometty" title="Ginni Rometty">Ginni Rometty</a><br />(<span style="font-size:85%;">Chairman, President and CEO</span>)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_IBM_products" title="List of IBM products">See IBM products</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Services</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Outsourcing" title="Outsourcing">Outsourcing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consulting" class="mw-redirect" title="Consulting">Consulting</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Managed_services" title="Managed services">Managed services</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /><span style="white-space: nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US$</a></span>79.59 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_3-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-3">[3]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$</span>13.21 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_3-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-3">[3]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$</span>8.72 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_3-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-3">[3]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="nowrap"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$</span>123.38 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_3-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-3">[3]</a></sup></span></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Equity_(finance)" title="Equity (finance)">Total equity</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$</span>16.79 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_3-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-3">[3]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">350,600 (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4">[4]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.ibm.com/">www<wbr />.ibm<wbr />.com</a></span></td></tr></table>
 
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<td class="mbox-image"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Thomas J Watson Sr.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg/100px-Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg" decoding="async" width="100" height="98" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg/150px-Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg/200px-Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1514" data-file-height="1479" /></a></td>
 
<td class="mbox-text plainlist" style="line-height:1.1em"><div class="haudio">
 
<div style="padding:4px 0"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Think_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg" title="File:Think Thomas J Watson Sr.ogg">"THINK"</a></div>
 
<div><div class="mediaContainer" style="width:220px"><audio id="mwe_player_0" controls="" preload="none" style="width:220px" class="kskin" data-durationhint="29" data-startoffset="0" data-mwtitle="Think_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg" data-mwprovider="wikimediacommons"><source src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Think_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg" type="audio/ogg; codecs="vorbis"" data-title="Original Ogg file (57 kbps)" data-shorttitle="Ogg source" data-width="0" data-height="0" data-bandwidth="56651" /><source src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/Think_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg/Think_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg.mp3" type="audio/mpeg" data-title="MP3" data-shorttitle="MP3" data-transcodekey="mp3" data-width="0" data-height="0" data-bandwidth="105520" /><track src="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/api.php?action=timedtext&title=File%3AThink_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg&lang=de&trackformat=srt&origin=%2A" kind="subtitles" type="text/x-srt" srclang="de" label="Deutsch (de) subtitles" data-dir="ltr" /><track src="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/api.php?action=timedtext&title=File%3AThink_Thomas_J_Watson_Sr.ogg&lang=en&trackformat=srt&origin=%2A" kind="subtitles" type="text/x-srt" srclang="en" label="English (en) subtitles" data-dir="ltr" /></audio></div></div>
 
<div class="description" style="padding:2px 0 0 0"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Thomas_J._Watson" title="Thomas J. Watson">Thomas J. Watson</a>, who led IBM from 1914 to 1956, discussing the company's motto <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Think_(IBM)" title="Think (IBM)">"THINK"</a></div></div></td></tr>
 
<tr><td colspan="2" class="mbox-text" style="line-height:1.1em"><hr /><i class="selfreference">Problems playing this file? See <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Help:Media" title="Help:Media">media help</a>.</i></td></tr>
 
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<p><b>IBM</b> is an American <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Multinational_corporation" title="Multinational corporation">multinational</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Information_technology" title="Information technology">information technology</a> company headquartered in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Armonk,_New_York" title="Armonk, New York">Armonk, New York</a>, with operations in over 170 countries. The company began in 1911, founded in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Endicott,_New_York" title="Endicott, New York">Endicott, New York</a>, as the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computing-Tabulating-Recording_Company" title="Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company">Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company</a> (CTR) and was renamed "International Business Machines" in 1924. IBM is incorporated in New York.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup>
 
</p><p>IBM produces and sells computer <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">hardware</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Middleware" title="Middleware">middleware</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_software" class="mw-redirect" title="Computer software">software</a>, and provides <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet_hosting_service" title="Internet hosting service">hosting</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consultant" title="Consultant">consulting services</a> in areas ranging from <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mainframe_computer" title="Mainframe computer">mainframe computers</a> to <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Nanotechnology" title="Nanotechnology">nanotechnology</a>. IBM is also a major research organization, holding the record for most U.S. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Patents" class="mw-redirect" title="Patents">patents</a> generated by a business (as of 2019<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=IBM&action=edit">[update]</a></sup>) for 26 consecutive years.<sup id="cite_ref-patents_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-patents-6">[6]</a></sup> Inventions by IBM include the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Automated_teller_machine" title="Automated teller machine">automated teller machine</a> (ATM), the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Floppy_disk" title="Floppy disk">floppy disk</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Hard_disk_drive" title="Hard disk drive">hard disk drive</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Magnetic_stripe_card" title="Magnetic stripe card">magnetic stripe card</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Relational_model" title="Relational model">relational database</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:SQL" title="SQL">SQL programming language</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Universal_Product_Code" title="Universal Product Code">UPC barcode</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Dynamic_random-access_memory" title="Dynamic random-access memory">dynamic random-access memory</a> (DRAM). The <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_mainframe" title="IBM mainframe">IBM mainframe</a>, exemplified by the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_System/360" title="IBM System/360">System/360</a>, was the dominant computing platform during the 1960s and 1970s.
 
</p><p>IBM has continually shifted business operations by focusing on higher-value, more profitable <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Market_(economics)" title="Market (economics)">markets</a>. This includes <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Corporate_spin-off" title="Corporate spin-off">spinning off</a> printer manufacturer <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Lexmark" title="Lexmark">Lexmark</a> in 1991 and the sale of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Personal_computer" title="Personal computer">personal computer</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:ThinkPad" title="ThinkPad">ThinkPad</a>/<a href="/wiki/Wiki:ThinkCentre" title="ThinkCentre">ThinkCentre</a>) and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:X86" title="X86">x86</a>-based <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_System_x" class="mw-redirect" title="IBM System x">server</a> businesses to <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> (in 2005 and 2014, respectively), and acquiring companies such as <a href="/wiki/Wiki:PricewaterhouseCoopers" title="PricewaterhouseCoopers">PwC Consulting</a> (2002), <a href="/wiki/Wiki:SPSS" title="SPSS">SPSS</a> (2009), <a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Weather_Company" title="The Weather Company">The Weather Company</a> (2016), and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Red_Hat" title="Red Hat">Red Hat</a> (2019). Also in 2015, IBM announced that it would go "<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Fabless_manufacturing" title="Fabless manufacturing">fabless</a>", continuing to design <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Semiconductors" class="mw-redirect" title="Semiconductors">semiconductors</a>, but offloading manufacturing to <a href="/wiki/Wiki:GlobalFoundries" title="GlobalFoundries">GlobalFoundries</a>.
 
</p><p>
 
Nicknamed <b>Big Blue</b>, IBM is one of 30 companies included in the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average" title="Dow Jones Industrial Average">Dow Jones Industrial Average</a> and one of the world's largest employers, with (as of 2018<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=IBM&action=edit">[update]</a></sup>) over 350,000 employees, known as "IBMers". At least 70% of IBMers are based outside the United States, and the country with the largest number of IBMers is India.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">[7]</a></sup> IBM employees have been awarded five <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Nobel_Prize" title="Nobel Prize">Nobel Prizes</a>, six <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Turing_Award" title="Turing Award">Turing Awards</a>, ten <a href="/wiki/Wiki:National_Medal_of_Technology" class="mw-redirect" title="National Medal of Technology">National Medals of Technology (USA)</a> and five <a href="/wiki/Wiki:National_Medal_of_Science" title="National Medal of Science">National Medals of Science (USA)</a>.</p><div class="mw-references-wrap"><ol class="references">
 
<li id="cite_note-certificate1911-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-certificate1911_1-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation">"Certificate of Incorporation of Computing-Tabulating-Recording-Co", <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=_8tFAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA3428"><i>Appendix to Hearings Before the Committee on Patents, House of Representatives, Seventy-Fourth Congress, on H. R. 4523, Part III</i></a>, United States Government Printing Office, 1935 [Incorporation paperwork filed June 16, 1911]</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.atitle=Certificate+of+Incorporation+of+Computing-Tabulating-Recording-Co&rft.btitle=Appendix+to+Hearings+Before+the+Committee+on+Patents%2C+House+of+Representatives%2C+Seventy-Fourth+Congress%2C+on+H.+R.+4523%2C+Part+III&rft.pub=United+States+Government+Printing+Office&rft.date=1935&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D_8tFAQAAMAAJ%26pg%3DPA3428&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AIBM" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
</li>
 
<li id="cite_note-fortune20160201-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-fortune20160201_2-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://fortune.com/2016/02/01/ibm-employee-performance-reviews/">"IBM Is Blowing Up Its Annual Performance Review"</a>. <i>Fortune</i>. February 1, 2016<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 22,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Fortune&rft.atitle=IBM+Is+Blowing+Up+Its+Annual+Performance+Review&rft.date=2016-02-01&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2016%2F02%2F01%2Fibm-employee-performance-reviews%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AIBM" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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