Difference between revisions of "Wiki:Microsoft"

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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none">U.S.-headquartered technology company</div>
 
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<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"><caption class="fn org">Microsoft Corporation</caption><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Microsoft_logo_(2012).svg" class="image" title="A square divided into four sub-squares, colored red, green, yellow and blue (clockwise), with the company name appearing to its right."><img alt="A square divided into four sub-squares, colored red, green, yellow and blue (clockwise), with the company name appearing to its right." src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/220px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="47" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/330px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg/440px-Microsoft_logo_%282012%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="512" data-file-height="109" /></a></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:File:Building92microsoft.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Building92microsoft.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Building92microsoft.jpg/220px-Building92microsoft.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="147" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Building92microsoft.jpg/330px-Building92microsoft.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Building92microsoft.jpg/440px-Building92microsoft.jpg 2x" data-file-width="5184" data-file-height="3456" /></a><div>Building 92 on the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Redmond_campus" title="Microsoft Redmond campus">Microsoft Redmond campus</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_legal_entity_types_by_country" title="List of legal entity types by country">Type</a></div></th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Public_company" title="Public company">Public</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">Traded as</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:NASDAQ" class="mw-redirect" title="NASDAQ">NASDAQ</a>: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/msft">MSFT</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:NASDAQ-100" title="NASDAQ-100">NASDAQ-100</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average" title="Dow Jones Industrial Average">DJIA</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_100" title="S&P 100">S&P 100</a> component</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:S%26P_500" class="mw-redirect" title="S&P 500">S&P 500</a> component</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:International_Securities_Identification_Number" title="International Securities Identification Number">ISIN</a></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><a class="external text" href="https://tools.wmflabs.org/isin/?language=en&isin=US5949181045">US5949181045</a></span></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Industry</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Software_development" title="Software development">Software development</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consumer_electronics" title="Consumer electronics">Consumer electronics</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Social_networking_service" title="Social networking service">Social networking service</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">Cloud computing</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Video_game_industry" title="Video game industry">Video games</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Corporate_venture_capital" title="Corporate venture capital">Corporate venture capital</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founded</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">April 4, 1975<span class="noprint">; 44 years ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1975-04-04</span>)</span> in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Albuquerque,_New_Mexico" title="Albuquerque, New Mexico">Albuquerque, New Mexico</a>, U.S.</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Founders</th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Paul_Allen" title="Paul Allen">Paul Allen</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Headquarters</th><td class="label" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Redmond_campus" title="Microsoft Redmond campus">One Microsoft Way</a>, <div style="display: inline;" class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Redmond,_Washington" title="Redmond, Washington">Redmond, Washington</a></div>, <div style="display: inline;" class="country-name">US</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;">Worldwide</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div></th><td class="agent" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:John_W._Thompson" title="John W. Thompson">John W. Thompson</a><br />(<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chairman" class="mw-redirect" title="Chairman">chairman</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Satya_Nadella" title="Satya Nadella">Satya Nadella</a><br />(<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Chief_executive_officer" title="Chief executive officer">CEO</a>)</li><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Brad_Smith_(American_lawyer)" title="Brad Smith (American lawyer)">Brad Smith</a><br />(<a href="/wiki/Wiki:President_(corporate_title)" title="President (corporate title)">president</a>)</li><li>Bill Gates<br />(<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Technical_advisor" title="Technical advisor">technical advisor</a>)</li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Products</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="hlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Windows</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Office" title="Microsoft Office">Office</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Servers" title="Microsoft Servers">Servers</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Skype" title="Skype">Skype</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Visual_Studio" title="Microsoft Visual Studio">Visual Studio</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Dynamics" title="Microsoft Dynamics">Dynamics</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox" title="Xbox">Xbox</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Surface" title="Microsoft Surface">Surface</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Mobile" title="Microsoft Mobile">Mobile</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_Microsoft_software" title="List of Microsoft software">List of software</a></li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Services</th><td class="category" style="line-height: 1.35em;"><div class="hlist">
 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Azure" title="Microsoft Azure">Azure</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bing_(search_engine)" title="Bing (search engine)">Bing</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:LinkedIn" title="LinkedIn">LinkedIn</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Yammer" title="Yammer">Yammer</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Developer_Network" title="Microsoft Developer Network">MSDN</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Office_365" title="Office 365">Office 365</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:OneDrive" title="OneDrive">OneDrive</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Outlook.com" title="Outlook.com">Outlook.com</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:GitHub" title="GitHub">GitHub</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_TechNet" title="Microsoft TechNet">TechNet</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Pay" title="Microsoft Pay">Pay</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Store_(digital)" title="Microsoft Store (digital)">Microsoft Store</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Windows_Update" title="Windows Update">Windows Update</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox_Game_Pass" title="Xbox Game Pass">Xbox Game Pass</a></li>
 
<li><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox_Live" title="Xbox Live">Xbox Live</a></li></ul>
 
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Revenue</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US$</a>125.8 billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-FY19-Q4_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-FY19-Q4-1">[1]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$43.0 billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-FY19-Q4_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-FY19-Q4-1">[1]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$39.2 billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-FY19-Q4_1-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-FY19-Q4-1">[1]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$286.55 billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-FY19-Q4_1-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-FY19-Q4-1">[1]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Equity_(finance)" title="Equity (finance)">Total equity</a></span></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> <span style="white-space: nowrap">US$102.33 billion</span><sup id="cite_ref-FY19-Q4_1-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-FY19-Q4-1">[1]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Owner</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Wiki:BlackRock" title="BlackRock">BlackRock</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.03)</span>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Steve_Ballmer" title="Steve Ballmer">Steve Ballmer</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.04)</span>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.04)</span>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:The_Vanguard_Group" title="The Vanguard Group">The Vanguard Group</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.06)</span>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Capital_Group_Companies" title="Capital Group Companies">Capital Group Companies</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.05)</span>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:State_Street_Corporation" title="State Street Corporation">State Street Corporation</a> <span style="font-size:85%">(0.04)</span> <a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wiki:Q2283?uselang=en#P127" title="Edit this on Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this on Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div></th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /> 148,465<sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2">[2]</a></sup> (2019)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="padding-right: 0.5em;">Website</th><td style="line-height: 1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.microsoft.com">www<wbr />.microsoft<wbr />.com</a></span></td></tr></table>
 
<p><b>Microsoft Corporation</b> is an American <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Multinational_corporation" title="Multinational corporation">multinational</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Technology_company" title="Technology company">technology company</a> with headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Redmond,_Washington" title="Redmond, Washington">Redmond, Washington</a>. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Software" title="Software">computer software</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Consumer_electronics" title="Consumer electronics">consumer electronics</a>, <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Personal_computer" title="Personal computer">personal computers</a>, and related services. Its best known software products are the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> line of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Office" title="Microsoft Office">Microsoft Office</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Productivity_software#Office_suite" title="Productivity software">suite</a>, and the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Internet_Explorer" title="Internet Explorer">Internet Explorer</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Edge" title="Microsoft Edge">Edge</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Web_browser" title="Web browser">web browsers</a>. Its flagship hardware products are the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Xbox" title="Xbox">Xbox</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Video_game_console" title="Video game console">video game consoles</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Surface" title="Microsoft Surface">Microsoft Surface</a> lineup of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Touchscreen" title="Touchscreen">touchscreen</a> personal computers. In 2016, it was the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_the_largest_software_companies" title="List of the largest software companies">world's largest software maker</a> by revenue (currently <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet</a>/<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Google" title="Google">Google</a> has more revenue).<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3">[3]</a></sup> The word "Microsoft" is a <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Portmanteau" title="Portmanteau">portmanteau</a> of "microcomputer" and "software".<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4">[4]</a></sup> Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Fortune_500" title="Fortune 500">Fortune 500</a> rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup>
 
</p><p>Microsoft was founded by <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Paul_Allen" title="Paul Allen">Paul Allen</a> on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell <a href="/wiki/Wiki:BASIC" title="BASIC">BASIC</a> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Interpreter_(computing)" title="Interpreter (computing)">interpreters</a> for the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Altair_8800" title="Altair 8800">Altair 8800</a>. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:MS-DOS" title="MS-DOS">MS-DOS</a> in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. The company's 1986 <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Initial_public_offering" title="Initial public offering">initial public offering</a> (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Microsoft" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft">corporate acquisitions</a>, their largest being the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:LinkedIn" title="LinkedIn">LinkedIn</a> for $26.2 billion in December 2016,<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6">[6]</a></sup> followed by their acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Skype_Technologies" title="Skype Technologies">Skype Technologies</a> for $8.5 billion in May 2011.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">[7]</a></sup>
 
</p><p>As of 2015<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Microsoft&action=edit">[update]</a></sup>, Microsoft is market-dominant in the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:IBM_PC_compatible" title="IBM PC compatible">IBM PC compatible</a> operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">[8]</a></sup> The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Web_search_engine" title="Web search engine">Internet search</a> (with <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Bing_(search_engine)" title="Bing (search engine)">Bing</a>), the digital services market (through <a href="/wiki/Wiki:MSN" title="MSN">MSN</a>), <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Mixed_reality" title="Mixed reality">mixed reality</a> (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_HoloLens" title="Microsoft HoloLens">HoloLens</a>), cloud computing (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Azure" title="Microsoft Azure">Azure</a>), and software development (<a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Visual_Studio" title="Microsoft Visual Studio">Visual Studio</a>).
 
</p><p><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Steve_Ballmer" title="Steve Ballmer">Steve Ballmer</a> replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">[9]</a></sup> This unfolded with Microsoft acquiring <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Danger_Inc." title="Danger Inc.">Danger Inc.</a> in 2008,<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10">[10]</a></sup> entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet computers</a>, and later forming <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Microsoft_Mobile" title="Microsoft Mobile">Microsoft Mobile</a> through the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Nokia" title="Nokia">Nokia</a>'s devices and services division. Since <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Satya_Nadella" title="Satya Nadella">Satya Nadella</a> took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a>, a move that helped the company's <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Share_(finance)" title="Share (finance)">shares</a> reach its highest value since December 1999.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">[11]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">[12]</a></sup>
 
</p><p>
 
In 2018, Microsoft surpassed Apple Inc. as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after having been dethroned by Apple in 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">[13]</a></sup> In April 2019, Microsoft reached the <span class="nowrap">trillion-dollar</span> <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Market_capitalization" title="Market capitalization">market cap</a>, becoming the third U.S. public company to be valued at over $1 trillion after <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a> and <a href="/wiki/Wiki:Amazon_(company)" title="Amazon (company)">Amazon</a> respectively.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">[14]</a></sup> Microsoft is the <a href="/wiki/Wiki:List_of_public_corporations_by_market_capitalization" title="List of public corporations by market capitalization">world's most valuable company</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15">[15]</a></sup><sup class="noprint Inline-Template noprint Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Wikipedia:Verifiability#Wikipedia_and_sources_that_mirror_or_use_it" title="Wikipedia:Verifiability"><span title="This claim cites another Wikipedia article. Articles need references to reliable third-party sources. (November 2019)">circular reference</span></a></i>]</sup></p><div class="mw-references-wrap mw-references-columns"><ol class="references">
 
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.britannica.com/topic/Microsoft-Corporation">"Microsoft Corporation"</a>. <i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150618214355/http://www.britannica.com/topic/Microsoft-Corporation">Archived</a> from the original on June 18, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">June 18,</span> 2015</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Encyclop%C3%A6dia+Britannica&rft.atitle=Microsoft+Corporation&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.britannica.com%2Ftopic%2FMicrosoft-Corporation&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1271024/000110465916161289/a16-22816_18k.htm">"U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission – Linkedin"</a>. <i>US SEC</i>. December 8, 2016. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171018154931/https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1271024/000110465916161289/a16-22816_18k.htm">Archived</a> from the original on October 18, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 29,</span> 2018</span>. <q>As a result of the Merger, a change in control of [Linkedin] occurred and [Linkedin] became a wholly-owned subsidiary of [Microsoft]. The transaction resulted in the payment of approximately $26.4 billion in cash merger consideration.</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=US+SEC&rft.atitle=U.S.+Securities+and+Exchange+Commission+%E2%80%93+Linkedin&rft.date=2016-12-08&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sec.gov%2FArchives%2Fedgar%2Fdata%2F1271024%2F000110465916161289%2Fa16-22816_18k.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bbc.com/news/business-13343600">"Microsoft confirms takeover of Skype"</a>. BBC. May 10, 2011. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180620073353/https://www.bbc.com/news/business-13343600">Archived</a> from the original on June 20, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 29,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Microsoft+confirms+takeover+of+Skype&rft.pub=BBC&rft.date=2011-05-10&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fnews%2Fbusiness-13343600&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Keizer, Gregg (July 14, 2014). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2490008/microsoft-windows/microsoft-gets-real--admits-its-device-share-is-just-14-.html">"Microsoft gets real, admits its device share is just 14%"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:Computerworld" title="Computerworld">Computerworld</a></i>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:International_Data_Group" title="International Data Group">International Data Group</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160821210826/http://www.computerworld.com/article/2490008/microsoft-windows/microsoft-gets-real--admits-its-device-share-is-just-14-.html">Archived</a> from the original on August 21, 2016. <q>[Microsoft's chief operating officer] Turner's 14% came from a new forecast released last week by Gartner, which estimated Windows' share of the shipped device market last year was 14%, and would decrease slightly to 13.7% in 2014. [..] Android will dominate, Gartner said, with a 48% share this year</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Computerworld&rft.atitle=Microsoft+gets+real%2C+admits+its+device+share+is+just+14%25&rft.date=2014-07-14&rft.aulast=Keizer&rft.aufirst=Gregg&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.computerworld.com%2Farticle%2F2490008%2Fmicrosoft-windows%2Fmicrosoft-gets-real--admits-its-device-share-is-just-14-.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Blodget, Henry (August 23, 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.businessinsider.com.au/microsoft-device-and-services-2013-8">"And Microsoft Is Giving Up On The Software Business!"</a>. <i>Business Insider Australia</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170802165822/https://www.businessinsider.com.au/microsoft-device-and-services-2013-8">Archived</a> from the original on August 2, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 2,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Business+Insider+Australia&rft.atitle=And+Microsoft+Is+Giving+Up+On+The+Software+Business%21&rft.date=2013-08-23&rft.aulast=Blodget&rft.aufirst=Henry&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessinsider.com.au%2Fmicrosoft-device-and-services-2013-8&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.informationweek.com/applications/notify-the-next-of-kin/d/d-id/1090416">"Notify The Next Of Kin"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:InformationWeek" title="InformationWeek">InformationWeek</a></i>. June 30, 2010. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20140424124515/http://www.informationweek.com/applications/notify-the-next-of-kin/d/d-id/1090416">Archived</a> from the original on April 24, 2014<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 24,</span> 2014</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&rft.atitle=Notify+The+Next+Of+Kin&rft.date=2010-06-30&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fapplications%2Fnotify-the-next-of-kin%2Fd%2Fd-id%2F1090416&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-37724557">"Microsoft sees shares hit record high"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Wiki:BBC" title="BBC">BBC</a></i>. October 21, 2016. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171016012110/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-37724557">Archived</a> from the original on October 16, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=BBC&rft.atitle=Microsoft+sees+shares+hit+record+high&rft.date=2016-10-21&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fbusiness-37724557&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.engadget.com/2017/07/03/microsofts-cloud-focus-could-mean-yet-more-layoffs/">"Microsoft's cloud focus could mean yet more layoffs"</a>. <i>Engadget</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170802164433/https://www.engadget.com/2017/07/03/microsofts-cloud-focus-could-mean-yet-more-layoffs/">Archived</a> from the original on August 2, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 7,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Engadget&rft.atitle=Microsoft%27s+cloud+focus+could+mean+yet+more+layoffs&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.engadget.com%2F2017%2F07%2F03%2Fmicrosofts-cloud-focus-could-mean-yet-more-layoffs%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nbcnews.com/business/business-news/how-did-microsoft-just-overtake-apple-world-s-most-valuable-n940751">"How did Microsoft just overtake Apple as the world's most valuable company?"</a>. <i>NBC News</i>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181129112846/https://www.nbcnews.com/business/business-news/how-did-microsoft-just-overtake-apple-world-s-most-valuable-n940751">Archived</a> from the original on November 29, 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 28,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=NBC+News&rft.atitle=How+did+Microsoft+just+overtake+Apple+as+the+world%27s+most+valuable+company%3F&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nbcnews.com%2Fbusiness%2Fbusiness-news%2Fhow-did-microsoft-just-overtake-apple-world-s-most-valuable-n940751&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Levy, Ari (April 24, 2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/24/microsoft-q3-2019-earnings.html">"Microsoft hits $1 trillion market cap after earnings beat estimates"</a>. <a href="/wiki/Wiki:CNBC" title="CNBC">CNBC</a>. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190424211049/https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/24/microsoft-q3-2019-earnings.html">Archived</a> from the original on April 24, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 24,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Microsoft+hits+%241+trillion+market+cap+after+earnings+beat+estimates&rft.pub=CNBC&rft.date=2019-04-24&rft.aulast=Levy&rft.aufirst=Ari&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cnbc.com%2F2019%2F04%2F24%2Fmicrosoft-q3-2019-earnings.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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<li id="cite_note-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki:List_of_public_corporations_by_market_capitalization#2019">"Market Capitalization 2019"</a>. <i>Wikipedia</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 19,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Wikipedia&rft.atitle=Market+Capitalization+2019&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FList_of_public_corporations_by_market_capitalization%232019&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AMicrosoft" class="Z3988"></span></span>
 
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