Wiki:Google Search

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Google Search
Google 2015 logo.svg
Google Homepage.svg
Google Search homepage as of March 2020
Type of site
Web search engine
Available in149 languages
IPv6 supportYes[1]
Alexa rankSteady 1 (As of April 1, 2020)[2]
Launched1997; 23 years ago (1997)
Current statusOnline
Written inPython, C, C++[3]

Google Search, also referred to as Google Web Search or simply Google, is a web search engine developed by Google. It is the most used search engine on the World Wide Web across all platforms, with 92.62% market share as of June 2019,[4] handling more than 5.4 billion searches each day.[5]

The order of search results returned by Google is based, in part, on a priority rank system called "PageRank". Google Search also provides many different options for customized search, using symbols to include, exclude, specify or require certain search behavior, and offers specialized interactive experiences, such as flight status and package tracking, weather forecasts, currency, unit, and time conversions, word definitions, and more.

The main purpose of Google Search is to search for text in publicly accessible documents offered by web servers, as opposed to other data, such as images or data contained in databases. It was originally developed in 1997 by Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Scott Hassan.[6][7][8] In June 2011, Google introduced "Google Voice Search" to search for spoken, rather than typed, words.[9] In May 2012, Google introduced a Knowledge Graph semantic search feature in the U.S.

Analysis of the frequency of search terms may indicate economic, social and health trends.[10] Data about the frequency of use of search terms on Google can be openly inquired via Google Trends and have been shown to correlate with flu outbreaks and unemployment levels, and provide the information faster than traditional reporting methods and surveys. As of mid-2016, Google's search engine has begun to rely on deep neural networks.[11]

Competitors of Google include Baidu and in China; and in South Korea; Yandex in Russia; in the Czech Republic; Qwant in France;[12] Yahoo in Japan, Taiwan and the US, as well as Bing and DuckDuckGo.[13] Some smaller search engines offer facilities not available with Google, e.g. not storing any private or tracking information.

Within the U.S., as of July 2018, Bing handled 24.2 percent of all search queries. During the same period, Oath (formerly known as Yahoo) had a search market share of 11.5 percent. Market leader Google generated 63.2 percent of all core search queries in the U.S.[14]

  1. ^ York, Dan (June 6, 2016). "Google's IPv6 Stats Hit 12% on Fourth Anniversary of World IPv6 Launch". CircleID. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  2. ^ " Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". Alexa Internet. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  3. ^ "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine". Computer Science Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
  4. ^ "Search Engine Market Share Worldwide | StatCounter Global Stats". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  5. ^ "Google Search Statistics - Internet Live Stats". Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  6. ^ Fisher, Adam (July 10, 2018). "Brin, Page, and Mayer on the Accidental Birth of the Company that Changed Everything". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  7. ^ McHugh, Josh (January 1, 2003). "Google vs. Evil". Wired. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  8. ^ D'Onfro, Jillian (February 13, 2016). "How a billionaire who wrote Google's original code created a robot revolution". Business Insider.
  9. ^ Google (Tue June 14, 2011) Official announcement
  10. ^ Hubbard, Douglas (2011). Pulse: The New Science of Harnessing Internet Buzz to Track Threats and Opportunities. John Wiley & Sons.
  11. ^ "Soon We Won't Program Computers. We'll Train Them Like Dogs". WIRED. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  12. ^ "Google has quietly added DuckDuckGo as a search engine option for Chrome users in ~60 markets". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 18, 2019. Another pro-privacy search rivals, French search engine Qwant, has also been added as a new option — though only in its home market, France.
  13. ^ "thetechbook » Countries where Google is not #1 search engine". Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  14. ^ "Search engine market share in the United States 2018 | Statistic".

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